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Publications

The following reports were published by Spearhead Research Lahore.

Their introduction pages are still visible on their webpages; however, due to some server reconfiguration error, the downloadable reports are not available on those landing pages.

Here you will find links to the Spearhead Research websites – as well as their introductions – in addition to the PDF files containing the full reports:

Pakistan’s Economic Outlook

The performance of Pakistan’s Economy in 2010 did not exceed expectations because of the backlash from the War on Terror in Afghanistan, presence of extremist fringe groups present within Pakistan, ever increasing domestic inflation, increasing world prices, rampant allegations of corruption within the state machinery, and with the country still on its way to recovery from one of the worst floods in history – pundits continue to look at political economy and issues of governance to ascertain how the economy will perform in the year 2011. This report addresses the structural problems, the statistical evidence, and the critical economic thinking and theorization behind the economic functions undertaken by Pakistan in 2010 (and economic outcomes witnessed thereof). This report also elucidates the roles and responsibilities of both the public sector (the state and its enterprises) and the private sector (private institutions, organizations, companies, economic agents, and individuals) to understand why the Pakistani economy has been relegated to ‘frontier economy’ status, and why it is ‘left behind’ as such. There are a number of pressing issues – food security, inflation, unemployment, energy – which still need to be addressed, and things might get ‘a little out of hand’ if the present government does not improve its performance vis-à-vis socioeconomic indicators and achieve credibility – the experiences of Tunisia and Egypt cannot be overlooked, as even Libya, Yemen and Bahrain are witnessing the contagion of revolution.

Read and Download the full report here: PAKISTAN_ECONOMIC_OUTLOOK

Competing Views on the Pakistani Economy

This report discusses two seemingly opposing viewpoints on the Pakistani economy, given the recent assessments and study of indicators by the State Bank of Pakistan, and the International Monetary Fund. The article attempts to dissociate media bias and skewed presentation by studying the facts presented by reports from these institutions. A simple study of Pakistan’s economic realities, their interpretations and their inter-linkages, can reveal a comprehensible picture of where the Pakistani economy currently stands, and how the upcoming budget would affect it.

Read and Download the full report here: Competing_Views_on_the_Pakistani_economy

The Interests of Pakistanis Abroad

May 7, 2010

Like any other indigenous community, the Pakistani community – those who have been born in this South Asian country after its independence – is also constituted over those who reside in the homeland, i.e. Pakistan, and those who do not, i.e. the expatriate community. Since the birth of Pakistan, there has been a greater ‘outward’ movement of population than an ‘inward’ movement; the Partition and its burgeoning negative impacts made any further ‘inward’ movement into Pakistan redundant if not dangerous. The history of Pakistan, and the conditions it experienced, were felt firstly and foremost by its residents; those who chose to emigrate, and those who chose to stay. In calculating and calibrating the interests of Pakistanis, and dividing them into constituencies based on countries of residence, it is seen that not only is the Pakistani state oblivious to local trends and demands; it is also ignorant of the rights, needs and requirements of expatriate Pakistanis, considering these émigrés as ‘not our problem anymore’. However, this very approach has resulted in the likes of Najibullah Zazi and Faisal Shahzad; terrorists linked to Pakistan because they neither have any other link or identity, nor has it been offered to them. This article approaches the concept of citizenship in today’s world of suspicion and security, of terrorism and paranoia, to understand what role Pakistan and Pakistanis have to play in this increasingly complex and interdependent situation. This article does not diminish the positivity of hope and of pro-activity on part of the general public as well as the institutions of the state, and offers ways and means to all stakeholders in rescuing expatriate Pakistanis from fear and discrimination (or threat thereof), and also alleviate the negative image(s) of Pakistan and its citizens all over the world.

Read and Download the full report here: Interests_of_Pakistanis_Abroad

The Solution to Extremism: Troops or Teachers?

May 13, 2010

Extremism is a pervasive problem that fuels fundamentalism and generates terrorism as a necessary outcome. Extremism is different from fundamentalism in that a fundamental need not necessarily be extreme, but on the counter, an extreme fundamental fails to be a fundamental since it is no more an ideal fundamental; a basic prerequisite for fundamentals. Extremism is not only a process of thought; it is also a definitive characteristic that can overtake both thought and action, thereby giving way to militant extremism, and consequently, terrorism. An extremist mindset is bound to be borne out of a perception of arbitrary pressure – of force and oppression – and the most likely outcome of its actions is bound to be a last-ditch resort to extreme ends. The most dangerous thing in today’s world, therefore, is an extremist preacher who can not only practice extremism, but can also preach and train others in extremism, intolerance and professing of hatred. This process can be referred to as the ‘militarization of extremism’, where a cohort of followers is garnered not on fundamentals of a faith, or a religion, or a way of life, but on the extremist interpretation of any of those fundamentals. But is there a way out of this spiraling abyss? Can those who have been indoctrinated in the message of hate be reclaimed towards the message of tolerance and peaceful coexistence? A 2008 study from RAND Corporation, “How Terrorist Groups End,” concluded that ‘military force has rarely been the primary reason for the end of terrorist groups’. Does that mean that by killing extremists, we are only fuelling extremism? Does that mean we need to convert extremists to moderation and balance?

Read and Download the full report here: The_Solution_of_Extremism

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